Explore the Multi-Taper Method’s unique ability to refine spectral estimates in seismology. Leveraging multiple orthogonal tapers, this approach minimizes va...

In this article, we will learn how to visualize the great circle paths that traverse a designated region of interest using PyGMT. Understanding these paths i...

Pink noise, also known as 1/f noise or flicker noise, is a type of random signal that has equal energy per octave. It is called pink because it is analogous ...

This post explains the concepts of object-oriented programming (OOP) and its key features, including encapsulation, abstraction, inheritance, and polymorphis...

The article discusses the mpi4py module, which is a Python wrapper for MPI, used for parallel computing in supercomputing environments. It provides higher-le...

You will learn how to generate and set up an SSH key for github so that you don’t need to always type your username and password when accessing github repo.

We will see how to load shared libraries in C/C++. We will write a library to convert km to degrees and vice-versa. Then we create a utility program to conve...

We will see how to plot a topographic map, overlay earthquake data on topographic maps, plot focal mechanism solutions and plot tomographic results on a geog...

While analyzing time series data, we often come across data that is non-uniformly sampled, i.e., they have non-equidistant time-steps. Infact, most of the re...

We will introduce the concepts of distributed computing and then use the open-source Python library Ray to write scalable codes that can work on distributed ...

We will see compare the convolution functions in Python (Numpy) with the conv function in MATLAB. If you have tried them both then you would know that its no...

If you have recently bought a M1 mac and have been doing blogging using Jekyll, then you must have experienced that installing Jekyll on the M1 architecture ...

We will learn the basics of the maximum likelihood method, and then apply it on a regression problem. We will also compare it with the least-squares estimati...

The boundary value problems require information at the present time and a future time. We will see how we can use shooting method to solve problems where we ...

Runge-Kutta methods are most popular method to solve ordinary differential equations (ODEs) with a better approximation than the Euler method. We compare the...

The simplest algorithm to solve a system of differential equations is the Euler method. We understand the Euler method by looking into a simple heat transfer...

In this post, we will see how can we retrive the available seismic waveforms information for a given network, station, channel and client in a given period o...

The Newton–Raphson method (commonly known as Newton’s method) is developed for finding roots of a given function or polynomial iteratively. We show two examp...

We see how to download seismic waveforms, convert them into mat format from mini-seed and then perform denoising using wavelet analysis. We first performed w...

Empirical Orthogonal Functions analysis decomposes the continuous space-time field into a set of orthogonal spatial patterns along with a set of associated u...

I concatenate the daily seismic traces for 15 days into one miniseed file for further analysis. Then I obtained the spectrogram of the 15 days seismic data. ...

In this introduction to the concepts of Pytorch data structures, we will learn about how to create and reshape tensors using Pytorch and compare it with the ...

This tutorial gives a brief description of scientific computing using Pandas by introducing Series, DataFrame, Pandas common operations, methods, conditional...

This tutorial gives a brief description of scientific computing using numpy by introducing arrays, methods, attributes, random numbers, indexing, broadcastin...

GMT or generic mapping tools have become synonymous with plotting maps in Earth, Ocean, and Planetary sciences. It can be used for processing data, generatin...

How can we use the MATLAB functions in Python? MATLAB implementation are usually reliable as it is developed by the professionals. But the advantages of usin...

In geophysics, it is important to understand and identify the complex and unknown relationships between two time-series. Cross-correlation is an established ...

The common geophysical problems most often have multimodal objective function with many possible minima. In this post, we will look into the Monte Carlo meth...

Quickly plot record section of a stream using Obspy. I will introduce you how to make a stream from a set of SAC data, plot the record section and store it a...

If you are ready to use the Microsoft Word as your favourite tool for writing your awesome scientific thoughts and ideas into a manuscript, then I would like...

This post gives a quick introduction on how to build a web application using Flask and deploy on Heroku server. Then, I share my codes for building advanced ...

In this post, I will read a ASCII file whose first few lines contains the header information and then the three-component data. I will read using the pandas ...

Least-squares method is a popular approach in geophysical inversion to estimate the parameters of a postulated Earth model from given observations. This meth...

Parallel computing is quickly becoming a necessity. Modern computers comes with more than one process and we most often only use single process to do most of...

Codes for plotting advanced 2D plots using matplotlib library in Python. Includes simple 2D plot, error bars, bar graphs, histograms, multiple plots, etc

A signal has one or more frequency components in it and can be viewed from two different standpoints: time-domain and frequency domain. In general, signals a...

We pose a null hypothesis and enquire that given that the null hypothesis is true, how likely is the observed pattern of results? This likelihood is known as...

Most often data analyst consider correlation between two time-series as a causation effect. Two time-series are correlated that does not imply that one cause...

Seismic resolution and fidelity are the two important measures of the quality of the seismic record and the seismic images. Seismic resolution quantifies the...

Factor Analysis is an exploratory data analysis method used to search influential underlying factors or latent variables from a set of observed variables

Time-series analysis is essential in most fields of science, including geophysics, economics, etc. Most of the geophysical data comes in a time-series format...

The Generic Mapping Tools is widely used across Earth and Planetary and other fields of studies to process data and generate high-quality illustrations. This...

Obspy is an open-source Python framework developed for the processing of seismological data. In this post, I will introduce how to use Obspy along with some ...

NetCDF file format has been designed for storing multidimensional scientific data such as temperature, rainfall, humidity, etc. In this post, we will see how...

In this post, we will see how we can use Python to low-pass filter the 10 year long daily fluctuations of GPS time series. We need to use the “Scipy” package...

It is essential to insert equation numbers in your thesis and/or any scientific paper. In this post, I will show you some of the easiest ways to insert equat...

In Earth Sciences, we often deal with multidimensional data structures such as climate data, GPS data. It ‘s hard to save such data in text files as it would...

Ulysses is a natural, freestyle way of writing. If you got any idea, just write it down, worry about the format and other things when you’re done. Don’t let ...

Short demostration of how to plot the distance vs seismic waveforms and mark the P and S arrival times using the IASP91 earth model. Codes are included.

Introduction to the concepts of tomography with equations and codes. Introduction to the concepts of overdetermined, underdetermined and mix-determined probl...

We test for the correlation coefficients or the covariance between two sets of random numbers selected from normal distribution using the Monte Carlo simulat...

In geosciences, we most frequently have to make geospatial plots, but the available data is unevenly distributed and irregular. We like to show the data, in ...

Two time series with predominant linear trends (very low DOF) can have a very high correlation coefficient, which can hardly be construed as an evidence for ...

Tutorial on how to use Git and GitHub for team collaboration on a project. Content includes installing, setting up, creating a repository, making commits, un...